Sunyani, June 12, GNA – Life is full of experiences and there are times happenings in our environment bring are great opportunity to explore.
Other times, it might be threats too, but in all these cases we must take appropriate steps to do the right thing.
It is a common practice for most young people in Ghana and Africa to flee from their motherland when threats occur.
For them, it seemed extremely difficult to manage and turn threats to opportunities.
In times of hardship and when things are not moving well in their lives, the youth contemplate travelling, and in fact find possible and all available means to seek greener pastures outside.
It’s either travelling via desert to Libya, or high seas to Morocco to reach Europe.
Travelling abroad in general is not a bad idea as it started from the ancient days of Abraham when God in His own wisdom directed Abraham believed to be a hero of faith to leave his homeland to a foreign nation.
The big question, however, potential migrants must contemplate about is how to move - appropriate or approved routes?
Whatever situation one finds oneself in has an end, but ones disposition determines the end results.
Currently, many promising African young people - males and females have become slaves in foreign countries and therefore, suffering from inhuman treatments whilst several others have made shipwreck of their lives through irregular migration.
There is no clear or universally accepted definition of irregular migration but from the perspective of destination countries, it is entry, stay or work in a country without the necessary authorization or documents required under immigration regulations.
From the perspective of the sending country, the irregularity is for example seen in cases in which a person crosses an international boundary without a valid passport or travel document or does not fulfill the administrative requirements for leaving the country.
Instead of leaving the country through the appropriate routes, migrants risked their lives through the Sahara Desert to Libya and cross the Mediterranean to Europe.
The main cause of irregular migration is less a disregard of regulations by migrants than a continuing inequality within and between countries, and the failure of states to create adequate migration regimes to meet economic demand.
Also mismatches between entry rules and labour demand, bureaucratic complexities and delays contrast sharply with rapid transport and communication technologies that facilitate cross-border labour flows and take little account of the changing social dynamics of migration.
But, in Ghana and other African countries, poverty, social and political instability, as well as limited availability of legal migration routes, push people towards criminal networks to facilitate their unauthorized entry into, transit through or stay in Europe.
Irregular migration poses multiple challenges to countries of origin, transit and destination, as well as to migrants themselves.
Migrants in irregular situations are particularly vulnerable to discrimination, exploitation and abuse.
Such migrants are also in danger of being exploited by crime organizations involved in human trafficking and migrant smuggling—crimes that constitute a serious violation of the human rights of its victims.
Refugees and asylum seekers, despite the protection granted by international law, also face many difficulties in their migratory process, especially as the process of obtaining refugee status has become increasingly complicated, and it is more and more difficult to find countries willing to receive refugees.
Irregular migration has negative effects on food, shelter, services, hygiene, drainage, law and order of a country.
Information from the Migration and Home Affairs of the European Commission shows that flow of irregular migrants entering the European Union (EU) reached unprecedented levels during 2015 and remained high in 2016.
During 2016, Member States reported new arrivals from Africa, the Middle East and Asia, many of whom turned to criminal networks of smugglers for assistance.
The journey to the European Union (EU) can be extremely dangerous and smugglers frequently expose migrants to both life-threatening risks and violence.
The UN Refugee Agency recently released 2018 tally for migrant journeys across the Mediterranean, and according to the release 2,262 people died or went missing that year attempting the crossing, a 28 per cent drop since 2017.
Far fewer migrants are making the journey in the first place, and that’s what’s driving the decline and about 115,000 migrants landed in Europe last year, down from 172,000 the year before that.
The central Mediterranean route then became the most popular sea entry point and migrants, largely from sub-Saharan Africa, journey through war-torn Libya in an attempt to reach Italy.
According to the Agency, overall deaths declined in 2018 because, in addition to the number of migrant journeys decreasing, the numbers taking the more dangerous central Mediterranean route have plunged.
Most migrants arrived last year via the western Mediterranean instead, with some 64,000 landing in Spain.
Italy, by comparison, received 23,000, down five-fold from 119,000 in 2017 and more than 1,300 died last year taking the central Mediterranean route.
Figures from the Ghana Immigration Service (GIS) show that about 4,092 Ghanaian migrants retuned from Libya in 2017, and most of the returnees were from Bono, Bono East and Ahafo Regions.
The uncontrolled lost of lives in the Mediterranean Sea demonstrates the need for an assertive and urgent response from the EU and African governments.
According to Chief Superintendent James Hayford Boadi, the Bono, Bono East and Ahafo Regional Head of the Immigration Information Centre of the GIS, irregular migration was becoming a national challenge, which needed concerted efforts to tackle.
Most often, Ghanaian voluntary returnees arrived without significant awareness of the changed dynamics in the country after years and sometimes decades of absence.
Research showed that the alienation experienced in the country had a direct effect on the ease of reintegration.
Currently, about 800,000 Ghanaians live and work outside their home country.
Chief Superintendent Boadi noted that since the migrants entered Europe irregularly, most of them only had the option of applying for asylum with little prospect of success while others lived precariously.
But, Mr. Kwasi Awuah Ababio, Director of Diasporian Affairs at the office of the President, said numerous economic opportunities were available in the country and advised the youth to stay home and take advantage of that to build their future.
He urged the youth who were determined to travel abroad to choose the regular labour migration routes in order not to be stranded.GNA